The structure of the vegetable market in Russia is gradually changing
In Soviet times vegetable production was primarily the fate of collective and state farms; the population grew 2-3 times less than commodity producers. Economic chaos in the mid-90s led to the complete degradation of the commodity sector and forced the transition of the main part of the burden of self-sufficiency in vegetables to the population. According to calculations of Growth Technology, at the turn of the century vegetables from farms of the population have taken up to 75% of the tables of the Russians, which was an absolute paradox for the modern world market.
In recent years, there is not only a marked increase in consumption and production of vegetables by all types of farms in Russia, but also a gradual change in the structure of the vegetable market and market forces.
Since 1990 to date, the gross yield of vegetables (excluding potatoes) in the country has grown by almost 1.4 times. The results of 2020 were 13.8 million tons of vegetables in all types of farms. And for the first time in 30 years, the volume of personal and commercial production in Russia is almost equal. Commercial (that is grown specifically for free sale or processing by agricultural organizations, farmers and peasant farms) vegetables of all types last year amounted to nearly 6.8 million tons, which was only 4% less than the gross yield of the population.
Farmers and small vegetable enterprises more often specialize in the traditional cultivation of vegetables in the open soil, while large agricultural organizations in order to get a guaranteed harvest of fresh and ultra-fresh segment vegetables (with a short shelf life in fresh form), prefer to use greenhouse structures and technologies for intensive production in the protected soil.
More information about the status and prospects of vegetable production in greenhouses - in the new research "Greenhouse business of Russia - 2021: industry results and forecasts for 2023" from Growth Technology Company. More detailed information about the potential for development of the Far Eastern District can be found in the study "Greenhouse vegetable production in the Far East - 2021".