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In 2007 - 2012 the amount of fish catching by Russian fishermen grows with a speed of 1,5-3,5% a year. In the first half of 2013 positive tendencies remained. However since III quarter decrease in production of some types is fixed. "Growth Technologies" predict annual amount of a general catch for 2013 at the level of the previous.
The main problem of the Russian fishers is the lack in technology of the fish processing entities, wich are not corresponding to modern requirements of the market. Production capacities of domestic fish processors require global upgrade.
But still huge problems are created by ambiguity of the Russian legislation. Now acts of the Russian Federation promote catch export abroad directly from a board of fishing vessels. The system of catch quotas distribution is very disputable. There are no incentives (tax privileges and preferences) which would induce suppliers to give fish for conversion. Procedure of registration of freights in the Russian ports remains bureaucratized and requires considerable costs.
Having passed through all regulatory authorities in port, fish faces a great number of obstacles already in the territory of the country. Now fish products shall be accompanied by the veterinary certificate along the line across the Russian Federation. And in each subject veterinarians issue the certificate on each lot of products. All this requires time and money, but for product quality and, especially, lowering of consumer prices for the population, doesn't influence in any way.
30% a share of import in a segment of fish and seafood in the country taking the 8th place in the world on a catch of fish become result of an unreasoned state policy. In the large cities of the Russian Federation the share of fish import reaches 50–60%. Russia imports practically all types of fish, fish raw materials and ready-made products. The considerable part of domestic producers uses the cut fish and the seafood arriving from abroad. In the Russian export, on the contrary, unprocessed fish prevails.
In 2014-2015 delay of a surplus of catch amounts (to 1–2% a year at most) and stagnation of ready-made fish products production at the current level is expected. Consumer prices of fish will continue to grow until it doesn't become profitable to Russian processors to invest in the new plants equipped with the modern equipment. The essential change in development of a fish industry while shouldn't be expected.
Research "The Russian Market of Fish, Fish Products and Seafood — 2013 in Figures and the Facts" was conducted by the Growth Technologies company in November, 2013.
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